Journal Title: بهار و تابستان 99
Article title: The Causal Model of the Relationship between Perceived Social Support and Positive and Negative Affect in Women Applying for Cosmetic Surgery: Mediating Role of Core Self-Evaluations
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Page From: 56 To: 70
Introduction & Objective: In contemporary societies, because of high emphasis on beauty, attention to physical appearance especially in women has taken to extremes; accordingly, hundreds to thousands of people voluntarily undergo cosmetic surgery. Tendency to cosmetic surgery in women can be affected by various psychological variables and also affect them simultaneously. As such, psychological state of the applicants or their emotional state before surgery has become an important issue in the field of psychology. This study aimed to evaluate causal relationship between perceived social support and positive, negative affect in women applying for cosmetic surgery and also examine the mediating role of core self-evaluations.
Materials & Methods: This study was a descriptive correlational study. The statistical population included women applying for cosmetic surgery referred to Hazrat Fatemeh Hospital in Tehran during the first six months of 1398. Two hundred women who referred to cosmetic surgery centers in Tehran were selected via convenient sampling method. The Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) (Watson, Clark, & Tellegen, 1988), perceived social support (Zimet et al., 1988), and Core self-evaluations
(Judge, 1997) were used to collect the data. Then, the data was analyzed by path analysis in LISREL software.
Results: Direct effect of perceived social support on core self-evaluations was significant only in the light of self-esteem (= β 0.27), generalized self-efficacy (= β 0.24) and locus of control (= β 0.22) (P
Social Support, Positive and Negative Affect, Core Self-Evaluations, Cosmetic Surgery
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